The Fall Feasts of the Lord
“The Fall Feasts of the Lord” (last 3 of 7)
Year 5774 September 2013
Rosh HaShanah / Trumpets: 05th – 06th;
Yom Kippur / Atonement: 14th;
Sukkot/ Tabernacles: 19th – 26th
Shalom Partner and Friend of
As summer winds down in
Who doesn’t like holidays? But, great as our holidays, their origin is from men. How different are
The Jewish holidays are NOT only historic… but prophetic and very definitely point to
What is the “Prophetic” significance of these Feasts? Jewish people did not seem to realize is that all of the feasts were also symbolic types. In other words, they were “prophetic in nature,” each one pointing in a unique way to some aspect of the life and work of the promised Messiah:
1) Passover… pointed to the Messiah as our Passover lamb whose blood would be shed for our sins. Yeshua (Jesus) was crucified on the day of preparation for the Passover, at the same time that the lambs were being slaughtered for the Passover meal that evening.
2) Unleavened Bread… pointed to the Messiah's sinless life, making Him the perfect sacrifice for our sins. Yeshua’ - Jesus' body was in the grave during the first days of this feast, like a kernel of wheat planted and waiting to burst forth as the bread of life.
3) First Fruits… pointed to the Messiah's resurrection as the first fruits of the righteous. Yeshua (Jesus) was resurrected on this very day, which is one of the reasons that Paul refers to him in 1 Corinthians 15:20 as the “first fruits from the dead.”
4) Harvest - Shavuot or Pentecost… pointed to the great harvest of souls, both Jew and Gentile that would come into the
The long interval of three months between Harvest and Trumpets pointed to the current Church Age, a period of time that was kept as a mystery to the Hebrew prophets in Old Testament times.
That leaves us with the last three (fall) Feasts which are yet to be fulfilled in the life and work of the Messiah… Because Yeshua (Jesus) literally fulfilled the first four feasts and did so on the actual feast days, we think it is safe to assume that the last three will also be fulfilled and that their fulfilment will occur on the actual feast days. We cannot be certain how they will be fulfilled, but our guess is that they most likely have the following prophetic implications:
5) Rosh HaShanah / Trumpets — points to the Rapture when the Messiah will appear in the heavens as a Bridegroom coming for His bride, the Church. The Rapture is always associated in Scripture with… the blowing of a loud trumpet! (1 Thessalonians 4:13-18; 1 Corinthians 15:52)
6) Yom Kippur / Atonement… points to the day of the Second Coming of Messiah when He will return to earth. That will be the Day of Atonement for the Jewish remnant when they “look upon Him whom they have pierced,” repent of their sins, and receive Him as their Messiah. (Zechariah 12:10; Romans 11:1-6; 25-36)
7) Sukkot / Tabernacles — points to the Lord's promise that He will once again tabernacle with His people when He returns to reign over all the world from
Important to take note that of the Seven Feasts of the Lord… There are THREE MAJOR “HARVEST” FEASTS “where God has promised blessing” and they are:
1. “Passover” or “Feast of Unleavened Bread.”
2. “Shavuot / Feast of Weeks” – which is also called “Pentecost,” a Greek translation of the Hebrew words meaning, the “fiftieth day” when the Festival was celebrated. (Leviticus 23:15, 16)
3. “The Feast of Tabernacles.”
In addition to the SEVEN FEASTS of the LORD, other days were added in later years to commemorate certain events. But, according to the original instructions there were only seven occasions during the year when
The seven "Feasts of the Lord" are arranged in Leviticus 23 in two groups. The first four came at the beginning of the Biblical Jewish Year, while the last three came toward the end of the year. That seems God’s method in revealing future things (compare Luke -33). Between these two groups there was a period of several months, when there were no feasts or holy convocations.
Biblical - Jewish Lunar Calendar… The Jewish calendar is based on the cycles of the moon. Each one of the twelve months begins with the new moon.
God explicitly and repeatedly commanded His people to celebrate the New Moon and the beginning of each month ("Rosh Chodesh"), just as He told then to celebrate the Sabbath and the Biblical Feasts: 1 Samuel 20: 18, 1 Chronicles 23: 31, Ezra 3: 5, Nehemiah 10: 33, Psalms 81: 3, Isaiah 66: 23, Ezekiel 45: 17, Ezekiel 46: 1- 6. The Hebrew months are 29 or 30 days long and periodically an extra month (Adar 2). It is added to catch the Lunar Calendar up to the cycles of the sun. Today everyone celebrates the completion of one year and the beginning of the New Year, even though we are not commanded in Scripture to do so.
The Sabbath (Hebrew Shabbat ... means: to cease) was (and is) observed every week from sundown on Friday to sundown on Saturday and had a two-fold significance. It was both a remembrance of creation and a remembrance of the nation’s deliverance from the bondage of
High Sabbaths do not necessarily fall on the weekly Sabbath but are related to the annual feast days as listed in Leviticus 23. There were seven annual or High Sabbath days, although neither the Passover nor the Feast of First Fruits are High Sabbath days. However the first and last days of the seven day Feast of Unleavened Bread and the seven day Feast of Tabernacles were both High Sabbaths. Perhaps one of the most fascinating Biblical studies is the historic and prophetic significance of these special Feast days. Whilst believers are not require to keep these feasts, every believer should be very familiar with them, as they not only celebrate a historical event in Israel's past but are, at the same time, a prophecy of future events. In Christian theology ‘a type’ is a factual happening in history, which is a glimpse of one or more actual events yet to come.
God’s plan of salvation for mankind is summed up in these feasts, which relate to
The last three feasts; Trumpets, Atonement, and Tabernacles extend over a period of twenty-one days in the fall of the year. They came to be known collectively as Tabernacles. While we certainly do not know exactly how the LAST Three Feasts will be fulfilled, it is perhaps reasonable to surmise that they will be fulfilled in the same manner… on the actual feast day?
VERY interesting…! The arms of the Menorah lamp stand are connected in a very significant way, the Spring Feast are tied to the Fall Feasts on the same arms and the relevance of each is tied together.... Feast of Firstfruits saw Yeshua (Jesus) resurrection and begining Pentecost Age of Grace, on the same arm is Feast of Trumpets… etc!
The Bible says less about the Feast of Trumpets than any of the other feasts – it was simply to be a holy day celebrated with trumpet blasts, on the first day of Tishri the 7th Month (Sept. / Oct.). The blowing of the trumpet was associated with the calling of the solemn assembly; a warning of danger and action to be taken (such as gathering of the troops to war or the arrival of a king). Over the centuries this feast, because it was the first in the series of three fall festivals is considered to be the holiest time of the year. It was traditionally to be called “Rosh Hashanah” (literally head of the year), or New Years day. This may be connected to the events described in Nehemiah 8: 1–12 called “holy” in verses 10 and 11. While this event is not specifically mentioned in the New Testament, at least two extremely important prophetic events are described there with the beginning of the trumpet blast – the “re-gathering” or “rapture” of the church; (1 Thessalonians 4: 16 – 18) and the return of the Lord (Matthew 24: 31).
The Biblical New year for
This feast was not only to be observed as a memorial, but like all the seven Feasts of Jehovah, it is a prophecy … It points to the present re-gathering of
The present re-gathering and the establishment of the State of
The 10 days of Rosh Hashanah through Yom Kippur are called the “days of awe”… when one considers his/her sins before God and enters into a period of repentance; of asking for forgiveness from God and those one has harmed; and of restitution. All over the world, wherever possible, Jewish people will go to their Synagogue, recite long prayers, confess their sins of omission and sins of commission (Ne Al Chet), and pray God; “that He should inscribe them for the coming year.” Our very best wishes are extended to them and it is our prayer that in the
No one can predict what will happen in the
While there is no special celebration of this feast in the Church… a time of repentance, asking for forgiveness and of restitution certainly would not be out of place, especially as we await the last trump and the coming of the King of Kings.
Yom Kippur is the most solemn and important day in the Biblical calendar. Only once each year was any Israelite permitted to enter the Holy of Holies in the Tabernacle or
The blood of bulls and goats could not provide true and permanent forgiveness of sins, and so God’s Son came to provide the ultimate sacrifice Himself. He was sentenced to death in the temple by the High Priest who said, prophetically, that it was good that one man should die for the nation. He was led outside the walls to bear the sins of the people – all the people of the world. When the temple was destroyed by the Babylonians, and again by the Romans, there was not longer a Holy of Holies, a High Priest or a sacrificial system. The Jewish people had to find another means of atonement. Their solution was prayer and good deeds. Today, the Day of Atonement is spent in the Synagogue, in repentance, fasting and prayer asking to be written in the Book of Life for one more year. And, in modern
This day, or any day is a good time to approach the Lord with the fear and awe that He deserves, to repent of our sins and thank Him for His Son’s sacrifice bringing us into continual “At-one-ment” with our Maker and our names to be recorded forever in the Lamb’s Book of Life.
The Feast of Tabernacles was the last of the seven Biblically mandated celebrations and also the most joyful; in fact it was the only one in which the Israelites were commanded by God to rejoice! (Deuteronomy. 16: 14) starting five days after the Day of Atonement on the fifteenth of Tishri (Sept. / Oct.) and extended for seven days… the first and last days being those of “solemn rest”. Tabernacles are also known as the “Feast of Ingathering” (Exodus ; 34:22)… and the “Feast of Booths.” On the first day of the feast, each participant had to collect branches of wild olive, myrtle, willow, and palm trees to construction their booths. (Nehemiah 8:13-18) They then lived in them for seven days. It celebrated the final harvest of the year, and God’s great provision for His people. During this feast, the Israelites were required to leave the comfort of their homes and live in tabernacles or booths – three-sided temporary structures with leafy roofs through which the stars could be seen. In this way they would remember how their ancestors had lived in booths or tents when they came out of slavery in
The Feast of Tabernacles looks forward to the Kingdom of the Messiah. Revelation 7:9-17 describes a great multitude, which have come through the tribulation, as arrayed in white robes with palms in their hands. In New Testament times Sukkoth was a major celebration, often referred to simply as “the feast.” It incorporated great ceremonies using water and light. Yeshua (Jesus) made His proclamation in the temple during Sukkoth: “In the last day, of that great day of the feast, Yeshua stood and cried, saying, ‘If any man thirsts, let him come unto me and drink. He that believeth on me, as the Scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water,’” John – 38. He was challenging the system in a very relevant and pointed way.
We hope that you enjoy and become more informed by our work. We serve an awesome God and we are humbled by this opportunity to bring you this information.
Alf & Julie Saunders
| The Biblical Feasts of Israel | The Feast of Purim 2014 | The (First 3) Feasts of the Lord 2013 | Passover - Pesach | A Tribute to the State of Israel 2013 | Shavout or Pentecost (4th) Feast of the Lord | The (last 3) Fall Feasts of the Lord | Hanukkah - Feast of Dedication | Stand with Israel! | What's the 'Big Deal' about Israel? | Why Christians should support Israel | Where You go I will go... | Chosen at a Price? | Dry Bones | Lessons from the Olive Tree | The Jews God's chosen people | Lebanon in the Bible | 9-1-1 | Hebrew the Lanuguage of Creation | Significance of the Twelve Tribes of Israel | The Watchman of Israel | His Name is YESHUA | Ahavah - Love | The NAMES of GOD |
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